Diabetes remains one of the most prominent diseases in America today. Here we’ll take a closer look at the disease and some ways you can manage it with healthy living and technology.
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Provided by: wirelesslifesciences.org
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar as a result of either an insulin deficiency or the body’s inability to properly respond to insulin.
Insulin – A hormone that converts sugar, starches, and other food components into energy
Glucose – The main sugar in your blood and your body’s main source of energy
Diabetes appears in three main forms:
Type 1 – The pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
- Also known as juvenile diabetes, early-onset diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes
- Affects about 5% of diabetics in America
- Requires regular insulin injections
Type 2 – Your body does not use insulin properly (known as insulin resistance).
- Most common form of diabetes
- Affects 90-95% of diabetics in America
- Often exacerbated by bad health, including:
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy diet
Gestational diabetes – Pregnant women may exhibit high blood glucose levels during pregnancy despite not having diabetes in the past.
- Affects up to 9.2% of pregnant women in the U.S.
- Affects women whose diets include more animal fat and cholesterol
- Can be controlled with:
- Healthy diet
- Glucose-controlling medications
Prediabetes describes a condition wherein blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to indicate diabetes.
- Puts you at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes
- Has no clear symptoms, though some patients with prediabetes exhibit some symptoms of diabetes
- About 86 million adults in the U.S. have prediabetes
Diabetes in the U.S.
29.1 million people in the U.S. have diabetes.
8.1 million of those people are undiagnosed. That means 27.8% of people with diabetes don’t know they have it.
An estimated 208,000 Americans under 20 years old have diagnosed diabetes.
Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death. In 2010:
- 69,071 death certificates listed diabetes as the underlying cause of death.
<liL234,051 death certificates listed diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death.
$245 billion – Total cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2012
- $176 billion – Direct medical cost
- $69 billion – Cost of reduced productivity
Treatments for Diabetes
- Healthy diet
- Active lifestyle
Managing Diabetes with Technology
In addition to medication, healthy diet, and an active lifestyle, technology offers support to keep diabetes in check.
- www.diabetes.org – American Diabetes Association
- Basic information and statistics about diabetes
- Food and fitness tips
- Community events
- Planning tips for parents and kids living with diabetes
www.diabeticlivingonline.com – Diabetic Living Magazine
- Healthy eating and activities
- Weight loss tips
- www.dLife.com – dLife
- Interactive tools
- Blogs, polls, online discussions
- Recent news
- mySugr Companion
- A diabetes logbook that gamifies the experience, offering points for every entry and personal challenge
- Glucose Buddy
- Track carbohydrates, insulin dosage, physical activity, and glucose values
Upload glucose readings straight from your meter, track your goals, and share information with your doctor
- A personalized app that helps you manage your insulin, medications, and diet
- Diabetic Connect
- Interact with other diabetics to share tips, learn, and give support
- t:slim Insulin Pump
- A device that delivers a steady amount of insulin to your system throughout the day
- MedTronic Guardian
- A real-time continuous glucose monitoring system that anticipates glucose changes, offers predictive alerts, and delivers trend graphs to determine patterns
- The first blood glucose meter that can be used standalone or connected directly to your iPhone, allowing you to manage and share your diabetes information
- The first FDA-cleared cellular blood glucose meter that automatically sends data to your care team and provides messages, reminders, and personalized education
- The first all-in-one cellular glucometer featuring a touch screen, built-in Bluetooth, and cassettes that hold 20 lancets and 20 testing strips
- Dexcom CGM
- A continuous glucose monitoring system featuring a small, painless sensor and a sleek, discrete receiver with a 20-foot range that weighs just 2.4 ounces
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